As colorful as the population of Belize is composed of different nations , so rich is the linguistic diversity. The official language is English, but is also spoken Creole, Spanish . Garifuna , Maya, and Plautdietsch – East Prussian Low German , the German -born Mennonites brought with them .
The native inhabitants, the indigenous people and the Maya, just make up around 40 percent of the population of Belize. Almost half is provided by the mestizos , half-breeds of indigenous and white Europeans , followed by Creoles , Garifuna ( ” Yamsesser ” ) – descendants of African slaves who intermarried with the inhabitants of the Caribbean coast, as well as minorities of German origin and Indians.
Another curiosity of Belize: Belmopan , the capital has only 8000 inhabitants, its predecessor Belize City which is economically far more important , about 70,000.
700 of about 23000 square kilometers of the state Belize is composed of small , coastal islands. The state is divided into six administrative districts .
The Mayan culture is one of the main attractions for tourists , such as Cuello in the remains of temples and residential buildings can be seen , which are evaluated archaeologically for decades. Belize has next to the origins of the Mayan culture on a colorful history , but also a history of oppression. Since the 16th Century under the rule of conquerors , Belize was initially managed and exploited by the Spanish Conquistadors . End of the 18th Century won the English in a sea battle an attractive colony. After all, here were tropical precious woods such as mahogany , as well as gold and silver to pick. These resources have been obtained with the help of slaves who eventually made up the largest proportion of the population . The richness of Belize moved already to as a Spanish colony pirates and privateers .
Today oil discoveries make Belize interesting for investors. The population lives mainly from agriculture, forestry and fisheries . One in five of the 230,000 inhabitants are employed in this sector .
The development of Belize as a tourist attraction is sluggish , but just the patchy infrastructure makes the charm of this country from . Pleasant tropical temperatures between 20 and 40 degrees , uniquely beautiful diving spots in the world ‘s second largest coral reef and beaches without building giants of the major hotel chains are attracting more and more fans .
The range of possible activities is very large, and families. In addition to the water sports and the attractive dive sites await guests treks through the unique wooded landscape . The excavations at the sites of the Maya cultures lend themselves to educational travel .
The Central American Belize has with Mexico and Guatemala very interesting continental neighbors and the Caribbean is one of the most beautiful seas for its magnificent coastal region. Since 1981, Belize is an independent state and offers its international guests plenty of attractions .
While Belize does not cover much more area than the state of Hesse , a variety of interesting landscapes are combined here in a small space . In addition to Belize include numerous small offshore islands, of which there was a worldwide hit for Madonna’s ” La Isla Bonita ” godfather .
Belize’s northern mainland has a geological past as the seabed and is still quite flat. Currently impressed here with the bushveld a dense tropical forest , mature in the noble hardwoods .
The coastal area offers the natural history visitors interested either mangroves or a handsome stock of maple trees and cypresses, surrounded by areas of tussock .
Belize’s center is sandy and full of wide savannah and the native mountain formations . The Pine Ridge and Maya Mountains rise there on up to 1120 meters and the amounts of rain nourishes here numerous streams that feed the two main tributaries of the river Belize, Macal and Mopan rivers . The Maya Mountains are in the south of the country as a watershed that accompany the flow to the Caribbean. Before the adventurous backdrop of caves and rock outcroppings but finds not only the water its way back into the sea. With him fertile silt and clay come to the coastal region. In order for the valuable basis blooming citrus and banana plantations is created.
Belize south to impress with large areas real rainforest , whose breathtaking sight alone is worth a visit due to its tropical climate, literally .
The Caribbean invites the winds direction to Belize with moisture and heat , thus ensuring a pleasant feel-good climate with an average air temperature of just 26 degrees Celsius during the day. Even at night it is never colder than 16 degrees Celsius. During the rainy season (June to October) is for it to tolerate a certain sultriness .
Due to the different weather and climates, alternating between rainy and dry season and the mixture of mountains and plains Belize can offer the visitor a wide range of natural habitats of plants and animals for personal discovery. No fewer than 49 different forest species are native here .
The coastal area of Belize has divers wonderful coral reefs to offer the loose in size and beauty can be measured with the Great Barrier Reef itself . There is also off the mainland more than 1000 small Caribbean islands, here Cayes hot and some are still valuable tourist tips.